since 1985-1995 of release
Repair and car operation
- Governing bodies and control devices
Combination of devices
Start and engine stop
Instructions on driving
Heating and ventilation
Examples of adjustment of temperature and distribution of a stream of air
Independent system of heating
Air central air
Automatic central air of air
Closing and blocking of locks of a door
Blocking of the lock of a back door from children
Manual adjustment of provision of forward sitting
Adjustment of provision of forward sitting with the electric drive
Adjustment of provision of a steering wheel
Adjustment of provision of the lower part of a back of forward sitting
Armrest of forward sitting
Armrest of back sitting
Head restraint of back sitting
Adjustment of head restraints
Heater of back glass
Blocking steering column / lock of ignition
Proof-reader of light of headlights
Multipurpose switch of a steering column
Heater of back glass
Management of electric window regulators
Switch of an operating mode of an automatic transmission
System cruise control
Drive on four wheels (4 MATIC)
System of production of the fulfilled gases
+ Weekly checks and service in a way
+ 2. Maintenance (diesel engines)
+ 4. Repair of 6-cylinder petrol SOHC engines
+ 5. Repair of 6-cylinder petrol DOHC engines
+ 6. Repair of the diesel engine established in the car
+ 7. Major maintenance of engines
+ COOLING SYSTEM
+ FUEL SYSTEM
+ 10. System of injection of BOSCH CIS-E fuel (KE-JETRONIC)
+ 11. System of injection of BOSCH HFM fuel
+ 12. Fuel system of diesel engines
+ 13. Fuel system of diesel engines
+ SYSTEMS OF START, IGNITION
+ 15. System of ignition of 4-cylinder petrol engines
+ 16. System of ignition of four-cylinder petrol engines
+ PRESTARTING HEATING
+ 19. Mechanical transmission
+ 20. Automatic transmission
+ POWER SHAFTS
+ BRAKE SYSTEM
+ SUSPENSION BRACKET
+ ELECTRIC EQUIPMENT
+ CHECK OF MALFUNCTIONS
Never move nakaty with the idle engine
Many units thus do not work (for example, signaling devices, the amplifier of a brake drive, the amplifier of the steering mechanism, system of airbags of safety). You subject in danger of and other participants of movement.
Amplifier of a brake drive
Do not begin movement until the vacuum in the vacuum amplifier of brakes will be created, otherwise when braking it is necessary to put considerable effort to a pedal of a brake.
The steering mechanism with the amplifier
If the amplifier of a steering drive refuses, for example, during towage with the idle engine, the car continues to be operated the application of big efforts, however, is demanded.
Frequency of rotation of a shaft of the engine
In all road conditions to operate the car in an optimum range of frequencies of rotation of a shaft of the engine.
Switching on the lowest transfer
At decrease in speed to switch to lower transfer, not to revolve coupling at the increased frequencies of rotation of a shaft of the engine. It is especially important during movement in mountain conditions.
To press a coupling pedal at full capacity, to prevent difficulties at gear shifting and not to damage a transmission. Around pedals there should be no rugs.
Do not use a coupling pedal in the course of driving as a support for a foot, the accelerated wear of disks of coupling otherwise is possible.
At start-up of the engine to switch off coupling to avoid resistance of idling of a transmission, to unload a starter and the storage battery.
Already during stops more than 1 minute it is meaningful to stop the engine. Five minutes of operation of the engine on idling correspond to one kilometer of a way.
During this mode not to "increase speed" and not to switch off coupling that the system of shutdown of supply of fuel for fuel consumption reduction worked.
Do not lead up frequency of rotation to high values. Too high speed on separate transfers or steps increase wear of knots of the car and fuel consumption.
Management according to indications of a tachometer helps to save fuel. Try to operate on each transfer the car at small frequencies of rotation of a shaft of the engine (a comment between 2000 and 3000 rpm) and with uniform speed.
It is necessary to disconnect additional consumers (the conditioner, warmed back glass, additional headlights etc.) if their work is not required.
Moisture on elements of system of ignition can get and stop the engine at movement on the road to time of a heavy rain. A good and well-tried remedy for prevention of an otsyrevaniye of elements of system of ignition is their preliminary processing by water-repellent preparations in aerosol packing.
Special attention and care show the first minutes after the rain beginning as the moistened dust on a paving forms the soap film which is sharply reducing coupling of tires with the road.
Regularly during movement carry out an easy pritormazhivaniye of the car to dry brakes as efficiency of crude brakes sharply falls.
During overtaking include стеклоочис a titel of a windscreen on the maximum mode as it will help to avoid visibility loss at the expense of possible emission of water from under a wheel, overtaken transport. Such precautionary measures are desirable for applying and in case overtake you.
With approach of twilight include a passing beam of headlights. If your car is painted in dark color, a passing beam include a little earlier so against dark asphalt your car is not appreciable and its emergence for drivers of counter transport becomes unexpected.
Be careful on wet or slippery sites of roads. Do not allow sharp braking with risk to block wheels that will inevitably lead to drift. For this purpose operate the car smoothly, without sharp turns.
The brake way depends on reliability of action of the most brake system, a condition of a protector of tires, load of the car, a profile of the road, type and a paving condition, and also from speed of the car. The brake way increases in proportion to a square of speed i.e. if speed increases twice, the brake way increases four times.
That brake shoes did not freeze to drums after movement on wet roads at sharp fluctuations of temperatures, do not leave the car on the open area with the tightened parking brake, without having dried a brake smooth braking at movement to parking.