since 1985-1995 of release
Repair and car operation
+ Governing bodies and control devices
+ 2. Maintenance (diesel engines)
+ 4. Repair of 6-cylinder petrol SOHC engines
+ 5. Repair of 6-cylinder petrol DOHC engines
+ 6. Repair of the diesel engine established in the car
+ 7. Major maintenance of engines
+ COOLING SYSTEM
+ FUEL SYSTEM
+ 10. System of injection of BOSCH CIS-E fuel (KE-JETRONIC)
+ 11. System of injection of BOSCH HFM fuel
+ 12. Fuel system of diesel engines
+ 13. Fuel system of diesel engines
+ SYSTEMS OF START, IGNITION
+ 15. System of ignition of 4-cylinder petrol engines
+ 16. System of ignition of four-cylinder petrol engines
+ PRESTARTING HEATING
+ 19. Mechanical transmission
+ 20. Automatic transmission
+ POWER SHAFTS
+ BRAKE SYSTEM
+ SUSPENSION BRACKET
24.2. General information
24.3. Care of a body
24.4. Care of an upholstery and rugs
24.5. Repair of insignificant damages of a body
24.6. Repair of strong damages of a body
24.7. Front bumper
24.8. Rear bumper
24.10. Cable of opening of the lock of a cowl
24.11. Cowl lock
24.13. Door upholstery
+ 24.14. Door handles and locks
+ 24.15. Glass of a door and window regulators
24.16. Trunk lid
24.17. Trunk lid lock
24.18. Back door
24.19. Lock of a back door
24.20. Elements of the central lock
24.21. External rear-view mirrors
24.22. Wind and back flew down
24.24. External details of a body
24.26. Mechanism of a tension of a seat belt of forward sitting
+ 24.27. Seat belt elements
24.28. Interior furnish
24.29. Central console
+ ELECTRIC EQUIPMENT
+ CHECK OF MALFUNCTIONS
Check of a condition of a body should be made regularly. Otherwise corrosion of separate sites of a body can lead to its strong damage and further expensive repair. It is also important to pay attention to parts of the car inaccessible to an external look, for example, to the bottom, arches of wheels and the lower part of a motor compartment, and also to parts of the body, hidden under an upholstery. A basic element at care of a body is its sink. Before a wash of the car soak insects and remove from a body surface. Plentifully use water. Use a soft sponge or a soft brush. It is impossible to wash a varnish covering with a stream with a strong pressure. Pour over the car from a hose and dirt wash away from top to down. Often rinse a sponge. Wipe the car pure rags. Apply only good fat-free washing substances. For the purpose of protection in water for a sink add washing preservatives. It is forbidden to wash and dry the car on the sun, otherwise on a varnish surface there are spots. Salt with which strew roads, has harmful effects on a car body.
Purely washed up and dried-up varnish covering is necessary for processing every 3 month preserving means to protect a car surface from atmospheric influences by creation of a besporisty water-repellent wax layer.
The flowed-out fuel, oil or greasing, and also brake liquid at once to remove, color of a varnish covering differently will change.
Processing of a surface is necessary for repeating, if water does not gather to drops, and spreads on a surface. Regular processing by preserving means promotes long preservation of shine of a varnish covering.
There is also other possibility of protection of varnish coverings - by means of washing preservatives. However washing preservatives provide reliable protection of varnish coverings only in case are used at each wash of the car and not less than in 2-3 weeks.
After use of washing (foam) means additional processing of a surface by preservatives especially is recommended.
Polishing of a varnish surface is necessary only in case it faded owing to insufficient leaving, influence of the dust, harmful gases, weather conditions, and preserving means cannot restore its shine.
It is not necessary to apply rough polishing pastes and chemically active polishing means, despite previously good results.
Polishing to make small sites in order to avoid premature drying of polish. After surface processing by some polishing means it is necessary to make additional preservation. It is forbidden to polish on the open sun. Opaque varnish surfaces cannot be processed preserving and polishing means.
Removal of spots of pitch
Pitch quickly диффундирует in varnish coverings and to remove it completely already it is impossible. It is possible to remove fresh spots of pitch with the soft rag moistened in flushing gasoline. In case of emergency it is possible to use usual gasoline, kerosene or turpentine.
Removal of insects
Insects contain substances which can damage a varnish film if them quickly not to remove. Insects can be washed away only weak slightly warm soap or washing solution or by means of special means for removal of insects.
Removal of construction solutions
Splashes of construction materials are washed away by slightly warm solution of neutral detergents. Strongly not to rub, differently it is possible to scratch a varnish covering. Then carefully to rinse with pure water.
Care of details from artificial materials
Plastic details, sitting from an imitation leather, a headlight, and also the details painted in opaque by black color, it is possible to wash with water with addition of special detergents. It is not recommended to wet. Plastic details can be processed if necessary special cleaners. Not to use at all nitrosolvent or gasoline.
Sink of glasses
Glasses to wipe a pure soft rag from the internal and outer side. At strong pollution it is possible to use alcohol or liquid ammonia and warm water, and also special means for purification of glasses. At a windscreen sink screen wipers to lift up.
Care of rubber consolidations
Condensing or sliding surfaces periodically to strew with talc or to spray silicone аэрозолью. It will keep their elasticity and will exclude a scratch when closing doors. To eliminate unpleasant sounds it is possible, having wiped adjoining surfaces liquid soap.
Disks of wheels
Disks of wheels from light metals demand leaving, especially in a cold season. For this purpose it is possible to use special means for cleaning of disks. Not to apply active, kislotosoderzhashchy, silnoshchelochny and rough cleaners or water with temperature from above + 60 ° Page.
It is necessary to wash seat belts with weak alkaline solution, without removing them. Not to subject them to dry cleaning which can cause destruction of fibers. Belts with automatic winding to braid in the dried-up condition, if necessary to use special an aerosol for the best sliding. It is not recommended to dry belts at temperature over 80 ° With and on the open sun.